I respect Tamar Haspel's work, so I buy her conclusions on the tradeoffs involved with indoor, vertical farming. Bottomline: because of the energy involved, the carbon footprint of current day vertical farms (of lettuce) is much bigger than for more conventional operations. Efficiencies might import, and the lettuce produced has some advantages.
I've mocked vertical farming before, but that's the plans relying on sunlight. I'd observe that growing lettuce is, I'd guess, the choosing the easiest path for artificial light farming. And while these operations fit the locavore template, they don't fit the organic template.