I seem to be focused on politics these days. The other day there was a piece on differing attitudes towards electoral structures; specifically the construction of electoral districts. Back in the day there was a concept called "the establishment", something intellectuals had picked up from the British. In the 60's it meant Galbraith's "bigs"--big government, big business, big labor. All three have suffered in the years since. Reagan proclaimed the end of the "era of big government", and it's certainly dwindled as entitlements and contracting have expanded. Big labor is small these days, except for public employee unions. And big business: who would have believed Apple replaced GM and IBM?
But our political attitudes still carry over. The way I see it, Democrats distrust "the establishment" still, and prefer nonpartisan expertise, presumably drawn from the universities, the new "big education". They want panels of experts to draw Congressional district lines. Republicans trust the establishment still, and believe it can be trusted to establish lines which work for the society.